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  • Michal Bacia

Understanding Tokenomics: Liquidity, Allocation, and Price

In this article, we will explore the key concepts of tokenomics, specifically focusing on liquidity, token allocation, and determining the initial price of a token. We will delve into the discussion between two individuals and extract valuable insights to provide a comprehensive understanding of these topics.

Liquidity and its Impact on Token Price

Liquidity plays a crucial role in determining the price movement of a token. When there is high liquidity in a token pool, it means that there is a significant amount of tokens available for trading. This allows for larger buy and sell orders without significantly impacting the price. Conversely, if there is low liquidity, even a small buy or sell order can cause a significant price movement.

For example, if there is a large amount of liquidity in a token pool and someone sells a security token, the price may only experience a minor change. However, if there is limited liquidity, the same sell order can cause a substantial price drop.

The key factor that determines price movement is the liquidity in the pool. The more tokens available in the liquidity pool, the more resistant the price is to sudden changes. On the other hand, if liquidity is concentrated within a specific price range, it takes less volume to move the price in either direction.

It's important to note that with decentralized exchanges like Uniswap v3, liquidity providers have the ability to determine the price range in which their liquidity is deposited. This flexibility allows for more control over price movements within specific ranges.

To calculate and understand the price movement based on different liquidity levels, one can utilize formulas and smart contracts. These tools can provide valuable insights into how liquidity affects token prices.

Token Allocation: Balancing Stakeholder Interests

When allocating tokens, it is essential to consider the interests of various stakeholders, including the community, team members, investors, and the project itself. While there is no one-size-fits-all approach, a balanced distribution that reflects each stakeholder's contribution and aligns with their perceived value is crucial.

A common practice is to allocate a significant portion of tokens, around 30-50%, to incentivize the community. These tokens can be used for referral rewards, grants for developers, or liquidity mining incentives. This allocation encourages engagement and participation within the project's ecosystem.

The remaining tokens can be divided among the team, investors, and project treasury. The distribution should consider the perception of fairness and the power given to different stakeholders. It is important to strike a balance that rewards team members adequately while also attracting potential investors.

Implementing vesting schedules for team members can provide long-term incentives and ensure their continued commitment to the project. This approach allows for a fair distribution of tokens while accounting for potential changes in team composition over time.

Minting, Burning, and Token Supply Management

Token supply management is a critical aspect of tokenomics. The decision on whether to implement minting, burning, or maintain a fixed supply depends on the project's goals and objectives.

If the aim is to incentivize users and create a loyalty reward system, minting and burning tokens can be an effective strategy. By minting tokens as rewards and subsequently burning them when redeemed, active participants are rewarded while passive holders experience dilution.

However, indiscriminate burning of tokens can be problematic. It essentially taxes active users and transfers value to passive holders. Careful consideration should be given to the purpose and impact of token burning.

On the other hand, if the goal is to attract early investors and maintain a stable token price, a fixed supply can be more suitable. This approach provides investors with the assurance that their share of the token supply will not be diluted over time.

It is important to note that tokenization of assets is gaining traction in traditional finance. The benefits of transparency, security, and lower costs are attracting interest from institutional investors. Tokenizing assets that are already in a digital form, such as shares, bonds, and bank deposits, is likely to be the initial focus.

Determining the Initial Token Price

When determining the initial price of a token, it is crucial to consider the project's evaluation and divide it by the total token supply. This approach ensures a realistic starting point and avoids excessive hype or overvaluation.

A reasonable evaluation range could be between 5 and 10 million, depending on the project's stage and traction. Dividing this evaluation by the total token supply provides a price per token. It is important to avoid rapid price increases driven by poor liquidity, as this can lead to subsequent price declines.

Gradual price appreciation driven by genuine excitement and increased adoption is more sustainable in the long run. It is essential to strike a balance between attracting early investors and maintaining a stable price trajectory.

The Role of Institutional Finance in Web 3

Institutional finance is showing increasing interest in the web 3 space, particularly in asset tokenization. The benefits of tokenization, such as transparency, security, and composability, are appealing to traditional financial institutions.

While the integration of institutional finance into web 3 will likely happen gradually, there is already significant enthusiasm from major financial institutions. Tokenizing assets that are already in a digital form is expected to be the initial focus, with shares, bonds, and bank deposits being prime candidates for tokenization.

As the web 3 ecosystem continues to evolve, we can expect further collaboration and integration between traditional finance and decentralized protocols.


Tokenomics plays a vital role in the success of any blockchain project. Understanding the principles of liquidity, token allocation, and price determination is crucial for designing a sustainable and effective token economy.

By considering the impact of liquidity on token prices, balancing stakeholder interests during token allocation, and making informed decisions about minting, burning, and token supply management, projects can create a robust foundation for their token economy.

Furthermore, determining the initial token price based on realistic evaluations and avoiding excessive price volatility can contribute to long-term stability and investor confidence.

As institutional finance increasingly embraces web 3 and asset tokenization, the boundaries between traditional finance and decentralized protocols will continue to blur. This convergence presents exciting opportunities for innovation and collaboration in the blockchain space.

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